Lithium hydroxide (molecular formula: LiOH) is a hydroxide of lithium, corrosive, and smells pungent.
It appears crystal at room temperature, easily soluble in water, slightly soluble in ethanol. And it has two states: anhydrous and monohydrate.
Here is some of the key applications:
With great flow freely ability, Lithium hydroxide is suitable for manufacturing lithium grease, dyes, special resins and many other special chemicals.
And it is a key component of lithium grease. This kind of grease is extremely versatile . It can help machinery work more efficiently. Include mining equipment, engines, tractors and assembly lines. Lithium products can help run more smoothly.
2. Air purification materials
In gas purification device, lithium hydroxide which used to absorb carbon dioxide and purify air.The adsorption method is widely used indoor air purification, and in the air purification composite material, is also one of the important raw materials.
It also can be used as a heat transfer medium, electrolyte in storage batteries and catalysts for polymerization reactions.
In the battery industry, lithium hydroxide is used as an additive in alkaline batteries and nickel-metal hydride batteries, which can extend battery life and increase storage capacity.
Production Capacity of Lithium hydroxide
China is the world’s largest lithium hydroxide producer. Rest from Chile，United States, and Russia. Global total capacity in 2019 reached 204,000 tons, a substantial increase of 65% year by year; the total global production and sales of lithium hydroxide monohydrate in 2020 will reach 109,600 tons.
The total production capacity in China reached to 144,000 tons in 2019, a significant increase of 64%. And also sales volume of lithium hydroxide monohydrate in China will 75,000 tons in 2019, increased of 57%.